Patchstick/Testing

From AwkwardTV
Revision as of 04:19, 3 September 2007 by LhsYzv (talk | contribs)
Jump to: navigation, search
fun magic 1 4 mpio fl 300 belle e bone cpu amd athlon xp winnans agenzia matrimoniali varese wanna marchio hp 3222 ospedale cisanello pisa batterie nokia 6230 dwl 50at searchweb cover buoni cattivi home theatre lg dat 200 video porno di ragazze di 16 anni ragazza buccinasco musica da copiare modell heckscher puppy alfa romeo spider 1996 a febbraio arriva doom martellago mp3 key usb hub parallel e spose onde blu panca unica fi 22 vido t rio canti nuovi sergio bruni glaucoma infantile cinture prada i due volti della paura musica de evangelion musica7 www woman com box thermaltake cartina europa nokiovo honda jazz live per te audio analogue kingston value pornografia de michelle vieth fujitsu lcd 17-2 fabio cozzani www beegees it de risio lcd sony 19 nares, sir george strong le alpi. meraviglie deuropa codex indeo vogue line cassano esame foto annunci impiantistica meridionale sas comune cremona tomatis alfred foto di miss molise auto modello scoppio http www sesso orale it celebrita movie bodka scandalo carolina marconi vivo per lie congelatore a cassetti smeg trio quinny il re leone 2 - il regno di simba la romeria biesiady milan amsterdam biglietti aerei dimini xxx women xxx vree on arab hennef (sieg) lo scambio di coppia virtual dj 1 08 dj sammy rs multimedia card memory ranma xxx espresso caffe ariete samanta de viaggio in oriente y tunnel chat sicilia natanz download dvd player chelsea charm misericordia yu gi oh roms ps2 cagada refinance loan kurzeme idraulico trattori cougar mellencamp wilson hyper costi ionita ddr pc2100 notebook reichenberg canon - powershot a95 prestito chiavari sankt martin in passeier larenga com ucho c2 hdi sensodrive rimini hotel conto banco posta bracciali da uomo risultati elettorali a prato xeon dissipatori e ventole everytime b spears royal california dreamin feet nylon amateur golf iv cabrio zaini chicco stampante modulo continuo toner brother tn 7300 ram cisco 1700 marce militari americane mario calcio geohistoria forum di borsa hauppauge dvb d50 reflex nikon fotocamere smart auto milano laser stampanti multifunzione io si caldas mdc 6500z www gencar it skytv it imprese di pulizie y g t plotter stampa genoma annulati netgear wpn824 brondi telefonia www la prima guerra mondiale it nuove immagini per against rome don rafe r d s radio media byte blanco, cape- cvb cd sound loaded candidosi penny marshall toner samsung 4116 ekstra nena mio 168 gps tom tom 3 batterie stilo carica chicco fast raider acoustic energy aelite 603 whittier, john greenleaf inviti compleanno 18 anni analisi tecnica mercati finanziari nightwhish acer n35 con tomtom nilza monteiro washington ristorante trio pliko p3 giacobbe sandro depeche moda air line fotos de vedette desnudas gratis gratis aspen cose fare follar sauris i lloyds di londra sintoamplificatore dvd sony hard disk ide notebook edo majka no sikiriki multifunzione samsung decoder humax 4100 fujitsu siemens amilo a7640 fabrizi, giovanni teka cayra przestroga orologio russo proverbi sui matrimoni katy jurado tamigi dvd operetta cyfra hex keys sigma 18-50mm f 3 5-5 6 dc la cumparsita sampei. vol. 06 sgdfh lessa fernanda mercedes e 270 cdi foto trasgressive del grande fratello 20 milan new york city biglietti aerei k8t neo2-f socket 939 amd chipset seconda aurora il pioniere ayca yikiliyo grande comore golden point a pordenone odio razziale sci games in overdose
KEEP THINGS ABSOLUTELY LEGITIMATE, PLEASE
Links to illegal warez, etc. will be removed, and your access will be blocked. (Details)

Apparently, there are some copies of patchstick images in the wild. Most likely, these will not work. Also, THEY ARE ILLEGAL! Also, some people report that the patchstick erased their AppleTV, resulting in a non-recoverable AppleTV. This is actually quite credible, since all Patchstick does is run some shell scripts as root. If this happened to you, don't count on Apple or us to help you. we're sorry.



This page describes how to make a Patch stick using OSX/Intel binaries, and therefor is not legally distributable. Therefor, no support whatsoever is given to anyone.

However, I think this process is important enough to document, so we can see what steps are needed to build an open, free and 100% legal version of Patchstick. - Mactijn 23:56, 8 April 2007 (CEST)

Pre-requisites, All versions

  • USB flashdrive or disk (USB mass storage compatible) (for PatchStick.1.0.zip, a 512Meg stick is sufficient -- has anyone succeeded with a smaller stick?)
  • an Intel machine running Mac OS X 10.4.x (won't work on non-intel machines, kext files not compatible; have a look at Install SSH without an Intel Mac in this case)
  • boot.efi from OS.dmg, mount it from the latest software update

Pre-requisites, Manual way

Full Working Version

zip file mirrored here: Patchstick.zip

I (HenryLaxen) downloaded this on July 23, 2007, and found that this line in the createPatchstick file was commented out:

	cp /usr/sbin/sshd /Volumes/Patchstick/ssh/

which prevents sshd from working on the AppleTV. After uncommenting this line, I was able to log into my AppleTV with ssh -1 -v frontrow@xx.xx.xx.xx Also, I consistantly get a kernel panic when launchd executes /sbin/reboot, however by this time the ssh files have already been installed. Do not worry that the first time you log in via ssh that it takes a long time, as the AppleTV must generate its host keys. HenryLaxen July 25, 2007

Actually, there are three ssh-related lines commented in the createPatchstick script, and it worked well for me to uncomment all three. But the "sed" in the DYLD_FRAMEWORK_PATH mumble isn't found when booting from the stick, which is why I believe only "ssh -1" works so far. Also, I see no reason why the Perian lines are commented out, and restoring them allowed Perian to be installed, which is quite useful of course. clrelay 2007-08-06

I was able to use it free of any changes noted above. After installation, I used the Enable SSH Server item in the AwkwardTV frappliance to gain shell access. postman August 12, 2007

This script no longer works for me. I used it with no problems last week but now it does not create the "Patchstick" volume correctly. I get this during the setup: "Copying Patchstick files...

- Found Perian component. Adding it to the Patchstick...

cp: installer.d/perian: No such file or directory" Then once I plug my USB Stick in the Patchstick volume is empty. Any ideas?

Manually: Partitioning and formatting the USB disk

based on Turbo's excellent guide here.

Update: Changed to use only one partition!

  • hook up the USB drive to your Mac
  • Re-partition it using DiskUtility: Format: Mac OS Extended (Journaled), Options: GUID table, Partition Name: Patchstick-root

If you only have one disk, your USB disk will be /dev/disk1, otherwise

  • check what disk it is:
hostname:~ user$ df -h
/dev/disk0s2               74G    72G   1.9G    97%    /
devfs                     100K   100K     0B   100%    /dev
fdesc                     1.0K   1.0K     0B   100%    /dev
<volfs>                   512K   512K     0B   100%    /.vol
automount -nsl [205]        0B     0B     0B   100%    /Network
automount -fstab [219]      0B     0B     0B   100%    /automount/Servers
automount -static [219]     0B     0B     0B   100%    /automount/static
/dev/diskX                499M    40K   499M     0%    /Volumes/NO NAME

NOTE: if you see something like /dev/disk1s1, /dev/diskX means /dev/disk1, not /dev/disk1s1!

  • Now get the partition information which is required later to change the GUID:
gpt -r show /dev/diskX

results in:

   start    size  index  contents
      0       1         PMBR
      1       1         Pri GPT header
      2      32         Pri GPT table
     34       6         
     40  511920      1  GPT part - 48465300-0000-11AA-AA11-00306543ECAC
 511960       7         
 511967      32         Sec GPT table
 511999       1         Sec GPT header

Note the start and size of the partition - use this at the bottom of these instructions as the -b -s parameters (in this case -b 40 -s 511920)

Creating the patchstick boot-environment

this part is, for now, based on copying OSX binaries, and needs to be replaced ASAP

After performing the steps in the previous chapter, the USB drive's primary partition should have mounted itself as /Volumes/Patchstick-root. If you named it differently, please substitute all occurences of /Volumes/Patchstick-root with the correct one.

  • in a shell, as root, change the current directory to the patchstick root FS:
hostname:~ root# cd /Volumes/Patchstick-root
  • create the directory structure:
hostname:/Volumes/Patchstick-root root# mkdir -p sbin usr/lib/system System/Library/Extensions stuff etc dev OSBoot
hostname:/Volumes/Patchstick-root root# ln -s sbin bin
  • copy semthex's kernel (named mach_kernel) to /Volumes/Patchstick-root/
  • create /Volumes/Patchstick-root/com.apple.Boot.plist with your favourite text editor (vi/pico/joe/...) and make it look like this:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC "-//Apple Computer//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN" "http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd">
<plist version="1.0">
<dict>
        <key>Background Color</key>
        <integer>0</integer>
        <key>Boot Fail Logo</key>
        <string></string>
        <key>Boot Logo</key>
        <string>BootLogo.png</string>
        <key>Kernel</key>
        <string>mach_kernel</string>
        <key>Kernel Flags</key>
        <string>-v</string>
</dict>
</plist>
  • copy over the following files:
hostname:/Volumes/Patchstick-root root# cp -R /System/Library/Extensions/{AppleACPIPlatform,AppleAPIC,AppleEFIRuntime,AppleFileSystemDriver,AppleFlashNVRAM,AppleHDA,AppleHPET,AppleIRController,AppleRTC,AppleSMBIOS,AppleSMC,AudioIPCDriver,BootCache,GeForce,IO80211Family,IOACPIFamily,IOATAFamily,IOAudioFamily,IOGraphicsFamily,IOHIDFamily,IONDRVSupport,IONetworkingFamily,IOPCIFamily,IOPlatformPluginFamily,IOSCSIArchitectureModelFamily,IOStorageFamily,IOUSBFamily,IOUSBMassStorageClass,NVDANV40Hal,NVDAResman,OSvKernDSPLib,System,AppleIntelCPUPowerManagement}.kext /Volumes/Patchstick-root/System/Library/Extensions/
hostname:/Volumes/Patchstick-root root# cp /bin/bash /bin/chmod /usr/sbin/chown /bin/cp /sbin/mount /sbin/mount_hfs /sbin/mount_devfs /bin/sleep /sbin/umount /bin/sync /bin/mkdir /usr/bin/sed /usr/sbin/installer /Volumes/Patchstick-root/sbin/
hostname:/Volumes/Patchstick-root root# cp /usr/lib/dyld /usr/lib/libSystem.B.dylib /usr/lib/libncurses.5.4.dylib /usr/lib/libgcc_s.1.dylib /Volumes/Patchstick-root/usr/lib/
hostname:/Volumes/Patchstick-root root# cp /usr/lib/system/libmathCommon.A.dylib /Volumes/Patchstick-root/usr/lib/system/
  • Patch the AppleFileSystemDriver and add the following section to the file /Volumes/Patchstick-root/System/Library/Extensions/AppleFileSystemDriver.kext/Contents/Info.plist in the IOPropertyMatch array:
                        <key>media-match</key>
                        <dict>
                                <key>IOPropertyMatch</key>
                                <array>
                                        <dict>
                                                <key>Content Hint</key>
                                                <string>5265636F-7665-11AA-AA11-00306543ECAC</string>
                                                <key>Leaf</key>
                                                <true/>
                                        </dict>
                                        <dict>
                                                <key>Content Hint</key>
                                                <string>Apple_Recovery</string>
                                                <key>Leaf</key>
                                                <true/>
                                        </dict>
                                        <dict>
                                                <key>Content Hint</key>
                                                <string>48465300-0000-11AA-AA11-00306543ECAC</string>
                                                <key>Leaf</key>
                                                <true/>
                                        </dict> 


  • now, create /Volumes/Patchstick-root/sbin/launchd with your favourite text editor (vi/pico/joe/...) and make it look like this:
#!/sbin/bash

exec 2>/dev/console
exec 1>/dev/console

echo
echo "        --- AppleTV Patchstick ---"
echo '        (please ignore the "invalid destination port\" errors)'

# echo "        * remounting / r/w"
# /sbin/mount -uw /

echo "        * mounting OSBoot partition r/o"
/sbin/mount -t hfs -r /dev/disk0s3 /OSBoot

echo "        * re-mounting OSBoot partition r/w"
/sbin/mount -uw /OSBoot

echo "        * mounting stuff partition r/o"
/sbin/mount -t hfs -r /dev/disk1s2 /stuff

echo "        * keeping the OSBoot partition r/w for plugins"
touch /OSBoot/.readwrite

if [ -d /OSBoot/dev/ ]; then

  for i in /stuff/installer.d/*; do
    echo "        --- ${i} ---"
    /sbin/bash "${i}"
  done

  /sbin/sync